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What is the difference between civil and architectural engineering

 There are certainly many differences between civil engineering and architecture, despite the integration of the two together at work

Civil Engineering and Architecture

It is noticeable that many people wishing to work in the field of engineering, architecture, construction, and even engineering students often ask this question – what is the difference between civil engineering and architecture? The truth is that the two fields share many details and converge in orientations and goals.

But from a purely academic point of view, there are major and fundamental differences, and the first of these differences is that architecture is considered one of the sub-fields specialized in civil engineering. 

Where civil engineering is considered to be the mother or the umbrella that includes structural engineering, road engineering, ports, airports, etc., and some academics think and believe that architecture is in the hand that carries the umbrella as a whole.

Here, in this article, we review together:

     What are the basic differences between civil engineering and architecture?
     What are the specialties of each field of civil engineering and architecture?
     Are the educational requirements and required skills different in each field?

General and basic differences between civil engineering and architecture

It can be said that the differences between civil engineering and architecture have been reduced in that architecture is concerned with the general shape or external appearance, design and planning of structures for all buildings and not just residential facilities such as houses, hotels, chalets, factories, museums as well as skyscrapers, etc., while civil engineering is concerned in detail By supervising the pre-design process, from defining the value, objective, and general controls, to the post-completion of designs, until the entire construction implementation process.

Civil engineering is also concerned with the construction of bridges, passages, tunnels, roads and dams, as well as service buildings such as water and electricity companies, hospitals, stadiums and theaters.

We can say that the differences between civil engineering and architecture are based on:

     A civil engineer implements and manages many, many wide range of projects, including transportation infrastructure, water systems, and more
     While working, the architect's focus is on the exterior structure and design of the buildings.
     In the aspects of supervision, the civil engineer supervises the entire crew and the whole work in general, including the supervision of the structural manager, the architect, and others despite their participation in the same project.
     Both civil engineering and architecture fields require a bachelor's degree and graduation from the College of Engineering.
     In general, we find that the architect goes deeper in the pre-construction stages
     The civil engineer will supervise all phases of construction.
     The architect spends most of the time in the office and in front of the drawings and computer screen while the civil engineer is more busy on construction sites.

Learn about the majors of civil engineering and architecture

Here we learn about the differences between civil engineering and architecture in disciplines and first in relation to architecture:

     Interior Design
     Industrial architecture
     landscape architecture
     Sustainable or green architecture
     Urban design and planning

While with regard to civil engineering majors

     Structural engineering
     environmental engineering
     Transport engineering
     Soil mechanical engineering
     Water resources engineering

Learn about the study requirements in the fields of civil engineering and architecture

After high school, the student can join the College of Engineering directly, but there are many who miss that opportunity, and those we care about in the Taiba Institute for Training platform, by enrolling them in studies at the Institute to obtain accredited qualifications and certificates in specialized fields within civil engineering and architecture and obtain accredited certificates that they can By practicing work in the two fields or completing studies later and entering the College of Engineering.

In fact, specialization in one of the fields of civil engineering and architecture requires an accredited certificate and access to an effective, systematic academic system based on.

It also requires some requirements:
architecture requirements

     Basic knowledge of the fundamentals of architecture
     Full knowledge of design and research sciences
     Basic sciences in the fields of engineering drawing
     Full knowledge of construction technology
     Knowledge of the history of art and architecture
     Methods and how to represent and architectural modeling
     How to model building information
     Subtlety and organization in architectural drawings

civil engineering requirements

     Full knowledge of Mathematics and Statistics
     Mechanics and Systems Engineering
     Full knowledge of advanced concrete structures
     Full study and understanding of the infrastructure
     Understanding and studying soil engineering sciences
     Fluid dynamics study
     Science and study of materials mechanics

Necessary skills for both civil engineering and architecture

     Necessary communication skills in understanding customer needs and understanding with industry professionals
     Design, engineering drawing and computer design skills
     Advanced mathematics and calculations based on force, pressure, stretch, and weight bearing
     Computer skills and knowledge of how to use it brilliantly in various engineering affairs, accounting programs, design and leadership of various programs
     Technical skills in physics, mathematics, tabulation software, writing, and presentation
     Project management and control skill
     Logical critical thinking skill and ability to find solutions within specific constraints of available materials, laws of nature, and public safety procedures